July/August 2018

While humanoid robots have long animated science fiction, real-world robotics and AI have arrived and are here to stay—and hold both opportunities and challenges. [Getty Images]

Rise of the Robots

Edwin Cartlidge

As robots enter our world, they must become aware of their surroundings. Optics and photonics will play a key role.

Toward a Thinking Microscope

Convolutional neural networks and deep learning can boost the capabilities of standard optical microscopes to levels comparable to those of some higher-end imaging systems.

Machine Vision: The Eyes of Industry 4.0

Machine-learning algorithms embedded in advanced CMOS cameras are creating smart imaging systems that can replace human vision and decisions in the “fourth industrial revolution.”

Robot Ready

When Art Met Science

Research and Industry News

How Optics Enables AI

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