OPN December 2007

Cover Story

Optics in 2007: Introduction

Robert D. Guenther

This special issue of Optics & Photonics News (OPN) highlights the most exciting research to emerge in the preceding 12 months in the fast-paced world of optics. “Optics in 2007” offers readers a unique opportunity to access, in a single... more>>

Features

Biophotonics

Grigoriy Emiliyanov, Jesper B. Jensen, Ole Bang, Poul E. Hoiby, Lars H. Pedersen, Erik Michael Kjær and Lars Lindvold

Optics has provided key tools for advancing both modern and traditional biology. more>>


Communications

Casimer DeCusatis and Lawrence Jacobowitz

Although there has been a decrease in telecom research since 2000, significant optical engineering advances continue to provide important contributions to wide-bandwidth communications. more>>


Holography

P.W. Wachulak, M.C. Marconi, R.A Bartels, C.S. Menoni and J.J. Rocca

Through a careful analysis of numerically reconstructed holographic images, it is possible to obtain 3D information from a single high-aperture EUV Gabor hologram. more>>


Lasers

Alex Hayat, Pavel Ginzburg and Meir Orenstein

Researchers have demonstrated the optical cooling of a laser. more>>


Micro-Optics

Andrea M. Armani, Richard C. Flagan and Scott E. Fraser

What unique performance can be provided by micro-optical systems? Is there a limit to the reduction we can make in optical systems? Researchers have taken steps to address these questions. more>>


Microscopy

Chandra S Yelleswarapu and D.V.G.L.N. Rao

Investigators have found new ways to provide the biological community with more powerful tools. more>>


Nonlinear Optics

Robert Fischer, Dragomir Neshev, Andrey Sukhorukov, Solomon Saltiel, Wieslaw Krolikowski and Yuri Kivshar

Phase matching is a necessity, but what happens in the extreme? Can we use the nonlinear processes to create the necessary phase matching? more>>


Photonic Structures

Sharon A. Jewell, P. Vukusic and N. Roberts

The field of photonic structures now includes not only the identification of naturally occurring structures and the production of conventional optical operations, but the observation of disordered optical structures. more>>


Plasmonics

C.H. Gan, G. Gbur and T.D. Visser

Surface plasmons are finding interesting applications in nano-optics, where the attenuation does not dominate. more>>


Quantum Optics

S. Chávez-Cerda, Héctor M. Moya Cessa and Jesús R. Moya Cessa

Interestingly, quantum optics is being used to solve problems in classical optics. more>>


Slow Light

Joe Mok, Martijn de Sterke, Ian Littler and Benjamin J. Eggleton

We are finally observing slow light without having to make heroic efforts. more>>


Solitons

Andrey A. Sukhorukov, Dragomir N. Neshev, Alexander Dreischuh, Robert Fischer, Sangwoo Ha, Jeremy Bolger, Lam Bui, Wieslaw Krolikowski, Benjamin J. Eggleton, Arnan Mitchell, Michael W. Austin and Yuri S. Kivshar

We can now create structures to form solitons. more>>


Ultrafast Optics

A.Y. Vorobyev and C. Guo

Short optical pulses provide useful material processing capability. more>>


Vision

David H. Foster, Kinjiro Amano, Sérgio M.C. Nascimento and Michael J. Foster

A new intraocular lens has been developed to correct coma. Another finding about metamerism shows that the eye-brain connection stills surprises. more>>


Scatterings

Surface-Vein Scans Track Cancer Spread

Patricia Daukantas

A team from Purdue University and the Mayo Clinic is developing technology to scan cancer patients for tumor cells circulating in their bloodstream. more>>


Laser Pioneer’s Solution to Interstellar Puzzler

Patricia Daukantas

Surface-vein scans track cancer spread; laser pioneer’s solution to interstellar puzzle; California prison operates optical lab. more>>


Did You Know?

Patricia Daukantas

California prison operates optical lab. more>>

Pulses

Education

Education: Educating Science Educators about Optics

Meredith M. Lee

At the 2007 OSA Science Educators’ Day, pre-college teachers learned how to enliven their science classes with demonstrations on fluorescence, lasers, microscopes, basic quantum mechanics and more. more>>


Optics Limericks Contest

Christina Folz

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Optics Innovations

Carolina Consortium Promotes Photonics Technologies

Robert D. Guenther

There is a classic gap between research and the realization of commercial opportunity—often called the “valley of death.” A new consortium of universities in the Carolinas intends to bridge that chasm through a collaborative effort aimed at commercializing photonics technologies. more>>


Policy Matters

Understanding Patent Reform

Kevin Whittlesey

The U.S. patent system is desperately in need of an overhaul—and Congress may soon be ready to pass reform legislation. more>>


Conversations in Optics

OPN Talks with Robert M. Metcalfe

Colleen Morrison

Our conversation with Robert M. Metcalfe, Ethernet inventor and OFC/NFOEC plenary speaker. more>>

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