The Scientific Life of the Camera Obscura

By the time the first photographic experiments were taking place at the beginning of the nineteenth century, the camera obscura had evolved into three distinct forms. One was a darkened room with a lens and mirror in the roof. Furnished with improved lenses that could cast larger and sharper images, this type of camera obscura, which flourished at seaside resorts and other picturesque sites, produced an image on a table.


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