A. Ferrando, J.J. Miret, E. Silvestre, and P. Andres, Dept. d'Optica, Universitat de València, Spain; M.V. Andrés, Institut de Ciència dels Materials, Universitat de Valencia, Spain.
The most relevant property of periodic dielectric structures (i.e., photonic crystals) is the possibility of generating photonic bandgaps. A related phenomenon occurring in photonic crystal structures is light localization at defects. Although the previous phenomenon of light confinement at defects has already been analyzed in 2-D structures, the study of the guiding properties of dielectric crystals that have a 2-D periodicity in the x — y plane broken by the presence of a defect, but are continuous and infinitely long in the z direction—the so-called photonic crystal fibers (PCFs)—has not yet been performed. However, the experimental feasibility of these fibers has been recently proven. A robust single-mode structure was observed for an unusually wide range of wavelengths, a remarkable property not present in ordinary fibers.
This article is only available as a PDF.
Publish Date: 01 December 1998
Log in or Become a member to view the full text of this article.
This article may be available for purchase via the search at Optica Publishing Group.
Optica Members get the full text of Optics & Photonics News, plus a variety of other member benefits.
Photorefractive Polymers for Biomedical Imaging
Highly Efficient 1.3-µm Luminescence from Rare-earth-doped Halides Prepared from Low Temperature Aqueous Solutions
High-speed Multi-wavelength Photonic Switch
Wavelength Compensation of Broadband Light Diffraction
Artificial Dielectrics Boost Diffraction Efficiency in Diffractive Optical Elements
Gaussian Wave Packets in Resonant Diffraction Gratings
Temporal Speckle Pattern Interferometry
Adaptive Compensation for Laser-based Ultrasound Detection Using Holographic Quantum Wells
Diode-pumped Tunable Room-temperature Lasers Based on F2+ and F2- Color Centers in LiF
Tuning and Stabilization of Laser Diodes by a Planar Optical Wavelength Analyzer
Microlasers with Chaotic Resonators and Bow-tie Lasers
Coupled Microcavities in Light-Emitting Porous Silicon
Suppression of Multiphoton Fluorescence in Hyper-Rayleigh Scattering
Backward Second-harmonic Generation in Periodically-poled LiNbO3
Extremely Nonlinear Methyl-red Doped Nematic Liquid Crystal Film
Photonic Time-stretch Offers Solution to Ultrafast Analog-to-digital Conversion
Microresonators for Integrated Optical Devices
Large Mode Area Photonic Crystal Fiber
Efficient Polarized Laser Mirror
Surface-mode-induced Rescaling of the Dipole-dipole Interaction
Unraveling the Mysteries of Intense Femtosecond Pulse Propagation
Long Distance Propagation in Air Due to Dynamic Spatial Replenishment
Seeking for New Propagation Invariant Wave-fields
Coherent Optical Control of the Quantum State of a Single Quantum Dot
RF Coupled Optical Gain in a Solid Owing to Quantum Interference
Optical Confinement of Bose-Einstein Condensates
Optically Induced Coherent Rotation and Vortex Creation in Trapped Bose-Einstein Condensates
Control of Broad-area Optical Devices: Patterns to Order
Three-dimensional Spatial Electro-optical Correlator
Diffraction Tomography of Strongly Scattering Objects Based on Homomorphic Filtering
Application of Smart Pixels to Optical Implementation of the Wavelet Transform
Dark Incoherent Solitons
Splitting Light Beams with Light Itself
Another Twist of Light: Soliton Collisions in Bulk Media
A New Tunable Coherent FIR-THz Source
Frequency-resolved Optical Gating Characterization of 4.5-fs Pulses
Adaptive Compression and Shaping of Femtosecond Pulses
Phase Matched Generation of Coherent Soft-X-rays
Two-dimensional Near-field and Far-field Imaging of a Ne-like Ar Capillary Discharge Table-top Soft X-ray Laser
Cooking Printed Food with Lasers
3D Printing of Optical Components
Losses Can Boost Absorption in Microresonators