figure

This is an expanded version of the chart shown on page 31 of the print article, which compares additive-manufacturing technologies by inverse voxel size versus printing rate. The parallel gray diagonal lines are lines of constant 3-D-printing volume per second. The numbers in gray tie each data point to the appropriate reference (listed below, along with key to abbreviations). N values presented on the chart for 2PP, SLS and IJ give the number of laser foci (or, in the case of IJ, separate inkjet nozzles) used in the relevant experiment or demonstration. [Credit: V. Hahn et al., unpublished data]

References for Chart

2PP: two-photon 3-D laser nanoprinting

·         [2019] Q. Geng et al. Nat. Commun. 10, 2179 (2019).

·         [2018] B.W. Pearre et al. arXiv:1803.07135 [physics] (2018).

·         [2015] L. Yang et al. Opt. Lasers Eng. 70, 26 (2015).

·         [2015-2] W. Yan et al. J. Opt. 17, 075803 (2015).

·         [2014] Nanoscribe Photonic Professional GT, datasheet.

·         [2014-2] T. Bückmann et al. Nat. Commun. 5, 4130 (2014).

·         [2011] J. Fischer and M. Wegener, Opt. Mater. Express 1, 614 (2011).

·         [2011-2] S.D. Gittard et al. Biomed. Opt. Express. 2, 3167 (2011).

·         [2007] X.-Z. Dong et al. Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 124103 (2007).

·         [2005] J. Kato et al. Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 044102 (2005).

SLS: selective laser sintering

·         [2016-1] EOS P 110 with PA 2200 Top Quality 1.0, datasheet and vendor information.

·         [2016] EOS P 770 with PA 2200 Top Speed 1.0, datasheet and vendor information.

EBID: electron-beam-induced deposition

·         [2008] H. Plank et al. Nanotechnology 19, 485302 (2008).

·         [2018-2] L. Keller and M. Huth, Beilstein J. Nanotechnol. 9, 2581 (2018).

DIW: direct ink writing

·         [2014-4] E.B. Duoss et al. Adv. Funct. Mater. 24, 4905 (2014).

·         [2006] G.M. Gratson et al. Adv. Mater. 18, 461 (2006).

FFF: fused filament fabrication

·         [2015-3] Ultimaker 2; Data point taken from J. Go et al. Addit. Manuf. 16, 1 (2017).

·         [2012] Stratasys Mojo, Data point taken from J. Go et al. Addit. Manuf. 16, 1 (2017).

·         [2008-2] Stratasys Fortus 360mc; Data point taken from J. Go et al. Addit. Manuf. 16, 1 (2017).

IJ: inkjet 3-D printing

·         [2017] HP Jet Fusion 3D 4210, datasheet, N = 15192 nozzles in parallel.

·         [2014-3] Stratasys Objet5000 Connex1, datasheet.

PµSL: projection micro-stereolithography

·         [2012] X. Zheng et al. Nat. Mater. 15, 1100 (2016).

CLIP: continuous liquid interphase printing

·         [2015-3] J.R. Tumbleston et al. Science 347, 1349 (2015).

CAL: computed axial lithography

·         [2019] B.E. Kelly et al. Science 363, 1075 (2019).

·         [2017] M. Shusteff et al. Science Adv. 3, eaao5496 (2017).