Physical Limitations to Scalability of WDM All-Optical Networks
Daniel J. Blumenthal, Michael Shell, and Mark D. Vaughn
Wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) takes advantage of optical fiber's tremendous bandwidth. To get the most from an all-optical network, researchers must understand the physical limitations of WDM networks and how to overcome them. Signal degradation, attenuation, distortion, and crosstalk all influence the ability to expand WDM, all-optical networks.
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