Quantum Optics of a Single Molecule in a Solid

Trapping of single atomic ions in a radio-frequency trap by photon-recoil cooling and detection of the emitted fluorescence has proven to be a successful way to investigate the fundamental interaction of light and matter and to test our understanding of quantum physics. The extension of these studies to molecules has failed so far, because all molecules— even diatomic species—possess several internal degrees of freedom that prevent laser cooling.

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