Ernst Abbe and the Foundation of Scientific Microscopes

Barry R. Masters

Last year marked the 100th anniversary of the death of Ernst Abbe, who passed away on January 14, 1906—just a few days short of his 65th birthday. In addition to his groundbreaking optical work, which includes his diffraction theory for image formation and the formulation of the sine condition and Abbe number, he was also a noted entrepreneur, astronomer and social reformer.

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