Cover Story

Special Issue: Optics in 2004 Introduction

Bob D. Guenther David Hardwick, Changsheng Li and R. John Koshel

A record number of research groups submitted summaries to “Optics in 2004”: there were 104 submissions this year, representing the work of 414 authors. This was a significant increase over the total of 61 submissions to “Optics in... more>>


Adaptive Optics

Lisa A. Poyneer and Bruce Macintosh

One of the most significant future advances in the study of other solar systems will be the direct imaging detection of planets orbiting other stars by either space-based telescopes or groundbased telescopes equipped with adaptive optics (AO). more>>

Biomedical Optics

Jesper B. Jensen, Lars H. Pedersen, Poul E. Hoiby, Lars B. Nielsen, Theis P. Hansen, Jacob R. Folkenberg, Jesper Riishede, Danny Noordegraaf, Kristian Nielsen, Anneline Carlsen and Anders Bjarklev

We demonstrate highly efficient evanescent-wave detection of fluorophore-labeled biomolecules in submicroliter aqueous samples positioned in the microstructured part of a photonic crystal fiber (PCF). more>>


Samarendra Kumar Mohanty, Abha Uppal and Pradeep Kumar Gupta

Self-Rotation of Red Blood Cells in Optical Tweezers: Prospects for High Throughput Malaria Diagnosis. more>>


Mehmet Bayindir, Ayman F. Abouraddy, Fabien Sorin, John D. Joannopoulos and Yoel Fink

Fiber Photodetectors Codrawn From Conducting, Semiconducting and Insulating Materials. more>>

Diffractive Optics

Hanna Lajunen, Jani Tervo and Jari Turunen

Assuming a circularly polarized input field, any scalar transmission function can be replaced by a unique fringe-orientation function without changing the (monochromatic) optical effect. What’s more, by assuming a linearly polarized input field, one can design diffractive beam splitters with 100 percent efficiency, a result that is not possible in the realm of scalar optics. more>>

Fiber Optics

Jesper Riishede, Jesper Lægsgaard, Jes Broeng and Anders Bjarklev

In recent years, a new class of optical fiber that operates by the photonic bandgap (PBG) effect has created great excitement in the optical community. Here we suggest that PBG fibers with low-index contrast can be used to obtain fibers with zero dispersion and a large mode area below 800 nm. more>>


Henri J. Lezec and Tineke Thio

Diffracted Evanescent Wave Model for Enhanced and Suppressed Optical Transmission Through Subwavelength Hole Arrays. more>>

Nonlinear Optics

Jason W. Fleischer, Dragomir N. Neshev, Guy Bartal, Tristram J. Alexander, Oren Cohen, Elena A. Ostrovskaya, Ofer Manela, Hector Martin, Jared Hudock, Igor Makasyuk, Zhigang Chen, Demetrios N. Christodoulides, Yuri S. Kivshar and Mordechai Segev

Here, we summarize the independent observations of vortex-ring lattice solitons by two separate groups. These vortex-ring solitons are generic to nonlinear lattices in two dimensions and are building blocks for more extended and complex wave structures. more>>

Optical Engineering

T. Z. Kosc, K. L. Marshall, A. Trajkovska-Petkoska, R. Varshneya and S. D. Jacobs

Development of Polymer Cholesteric Liquid Crystal Flakes for Electro-Optic Applications. more>>

Photonic Structures

Hong C. Nguyen, Peter Domachuk, Eric C. Mägi, Paul Steinvurzel, Michael J. Steel, Martin Straub, Min Gu, Mikhail Sumetsky and Benjamin J. Eggleton

Lateral Thinking With Photonic Crystal Fibers more>>


Miguel A. Bandres, Ulrich T. Schwarz and Julio C. Gutiérrez-Vega

Ince-Gaussian Beams: The Third Family of Eigenmodes of Stable Laser Resonators. more>>

Quantum Optics

Joshua C. Bienfang, Alex J. Gross, Alan Mink and Charles W. Clark

Quantum Cryptography Edges Toward Telecom Speeds and Practical Applications. more>>

Semiconductor Optics

Nasser Peyghambarian, Tiequn Qiu, Pavel Polynkin, Axel Schulzgen, Li Li, Valery Temyanko, Masud Mansuripur and Jerome V. Moloney

Short Fiber Lasers Produce Record Power/Length of 1.33W/cm. more>>

Ultrafast Technology

Matthew E. Anderson, Josh Thornes and Phillip Poon

Compressing Femtosecond Laser Pulses Non-Iteratively. more>>