Nematicons: Optical Spatial Solitons in Nematic Liquid Crystals

Gaetano Assanto, Marco Peccianti and Claudio Conti

Nematicons are self-trapped light beams in nematic liquid crystalline systems. Thanks to their optically nonlinear, saturable, nonlocal and nonresonant response, they enable light to self-confine and guide additional optical signals, making them an ideal testbed for applications in all-optical information processing.

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