Polarization-locked Temporal Vector Solitons in an Optical Fiber

S.T. Cundiff, B.C. Collings, N.N. Akhmediev, J.M. Soto-Crespo, K. Bergman, and W.H. Knox

Temporal vector solitons have components along both birefringent axes. Despite different phase velocities due to linear birefringence, the relative phase of the components can be locked at π/2. These fragile polarization-locked vector solitons (PLVS) have been the subject of much theoretical conjecture, but have previously eluded experimental observation.

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