Polarization-locked Temporal Vector Solitons in an Optical Fiber

Temporal vector solitons have components along both birefringent axes. Despite different phase velocities due to linear birefringence, the relative phase of the components can be locked at π/2. These fragile polarization-locked vector solitons (PLVS) have been the subject of much theoretical conjecture, but have previously eluded experimental observation.

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