Integrated optical sensors in lithium niobate

Catherine H. Bulmer

Optical guided-wave devices are of interest as sensors because the active device can be small and nonperturbing. An integrated optical modulator can form a compact electric field detector and has no long, electrically-conductive leads that can be perturbing. A channel waveguide device, with small dimensions and closely spaced electrodes, is much more sensitive than a bulk device and is therefore more useful where small physical parameters are to be detected. Lithium niobate (LiNbO3) is a suitable material in which to form a sensor; it has large electro-optic coefficients, which make it responsive to small fields, and low optical loss.

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